• Sep 13, 2018

Mycoplasmosis at cats or cat's infectious anemia – a disease which is caused by parasites of a mycoplasma (Mycoplasma haemofelis). These simplest organisms parasitize in erythrocytes – red blood cells. The more blood cells it is infected by parasites, the condition of the pet becomes worse.

What is mycoplasmosis at a cat

Mycoplasmosis at Cats

Mycoplasmosis – an infectious disease from which there is no vaccine. But you should not be afraid of it – it is not deadly. The modern veterinary science has all necessary means for fight against an infection.

of the Form of a disease

Cat's mycoplasmosis happens two types:

  1. Sharp. It is characterized by the short incubatory period – 8-10 days, pronounced symptoms of a disease and passes for several days.
  2. Chronic. The incubatory period lasts from 3 to 5 weeks. The course of treatment makes several months. The clinical picture – greased a disease proceeds inertly.

Important!

Without timely treatment at the infected cats heavy complications can develop.

That causes a disease

Cat's mycoplasmosis is caused by monocelled parasites – mycoplasmas which can develop and breed only in an organism of a cat. In the external environment they quickly perish.

As work mycoplasmas

Parasites get to an organism of an animal and get into blood cells, using them as nutrients for the existence and development. When the parasite joins an erythrocyte surface, the immune answer is formed – it causes destruction of a red blood cell. In process of growth of number of the damaged erythrocytes at a cat anemia develops.

In the course of activity of a mycoplasma emit dangerous toxins which harmful influence bodies and the systems of an animal. It leads to development of various diseases of secondary type. Centers of localization of parasites: respiratory, urinogenital, digestive systems, joints, conjunctiva.

Important!

Mycoplasmas are conditionally pathogenic microorganisms. They live in the environment and come to light at 80% of a cat's livestock. With strong immunity they are harmless to animals. Pathological states arise at the weakened individuals, young people and the aging cats.

As it is possible to catch mycoplasmosis

Infection of a cat occurs the next ways:

  1. Contact. From a sick animal to healthy at close contact or through a sting.
  2. Through the general objects of leaving: a tray, toys, stove benches, bowls for food and drink.
  3. Airborne.
  4. During blood transfusion.
  5. Through stings of blood-sicking insects (mosquitoes, midges).
  6. Sexual. During knitting.
  7. Pre-natal.
  8. Parasitic (fleas, ticks, louses, vlasoyeda).
  9. Natural. During passing on patrimonial ways.
  10. When breastfeeding. Kittens catch from mother.

Important!

Mycoplasmosis long time can proceed asymptomatically, during this period of a cat are latent carriers and constitute danger to the relatives. At such animals high risk of development of pathology.

Risk group

  • Animals after a disease.
  • Newborn kittens.
  • The exhausted and weakened cats.
  • Pets with bad immunity.
  • Vagrant cats.
  • The animals infected with external and internal parasites.
  • The cats who carried a stress.
  • The pregnant and feeding cats.

Avitaminosis, inadequate food and bad leaving weaken the immune system of a cat and promote growth of population of mycoplasmas.

whether

the sick cat Constitutes danger to the person

Whether it is possible to catch from a cat – with this question owners of fluffy pets to the veterinarian most often come.

the Answer to this question – negative.

Mycoplasmas of animals are not transferred to the person. The sick animal does not need to be isolated from family members and other species of pets. The disease is transmitted only to representatives of the cat family.

How to understand that the pet caught a mycoplasma

At a disease the long incubatory period. Owners of the infected animals can not guess for several weeks that the pet has problems with health. Complicates diagnostics and that fact that in some cases mycoplasmosis proceeds asymptomatically.

A clinical picture of pathology indistinct also depends on the place of localization of parasites, the immune status of a cat and her age. Symptoms can vary and be shown with various degree of intensity and weight. At early stages the disease can remind usual cold.

the General symptoms of mycoplasmosis at a cat

  1. Anemia.
  2. Slackness, apathy, drowsiness.
  3. Loss of appetite, anorexia.
  4. Decrease in physical activity, weakness.
  5. The increased body temperature, fever.
  6. Icteric skin color.
  7. Pallor of skin and mucous membranes.
  8. Changes in behavior, depression.
  9. Lachrymation.
  10. Purulent and serous allocations from eyes and a nose.

Signs depending on the place of localization of parasites

  1. Rhinitis, sneezing, dry cough.
  2. The complicated breath, short wind.
  3. Swelling and morbidity of joints. Arthritis.
  4. Violation of gait, problem with movement.
  5. Infectious diseases of urinary tract. Cystitis.
  6. Prostatitis.
  7. Involuntary urination.
  8. Pneumonia, bronchitis.
  9. Conjunctivitis.
  10. Increase in lymph nodes and spleen.
  11. Purulent inflammations, ulcers and erosion on skin.
  12. Reproductive problems: spontaneous abortion, infertility, still birth.

At emergence of any of these signs it is necessary to show immediately the pet to the veterinarian for diagnosis and purpose of the scheme of treatment.

Diagnostics

The mycoplasma at cats comes to light only in the laboratory way. Approximately this pathology does not come to light – deep, thoughtful diagnostics is necessary.

Stages of diagnostic actions:

  • Collecting anamnesis and visual inspection of a cat.
  • Analysis of urine.
  • General and biochemical blood tests.
  • A research of blood dab under a microscope for identification of parasites.
  • Laboratory researches of washouts from urinogenital bodies of a cat.
  • PTsR diagnostics on availability of antigens.
  • A research of washouts from a conjunctiva.
  • Dab from a mouth.
  • Immunofermental blood test.

Antibiotics at mycoplasmosis – the most common form of treatment. Therefore to above-mentioned researches add the sensitivity test to antibiotics.

By results of all researches the doctor makes the diagnosis and appoints treatment.

As is treated mycoplasmosis

The scheme of treatment depends on the place of localization of an infection, degree of activity of parasites, disease severity. For removal of symptoms of a sharp form of a disease there are enough several days. Treatment of chronic mycoplasmosis can drag on for several months.

Medicines:

  1. Antibiotics: Tetracyclinum, doxycycline, Bicillin, Azithromycin, Enrofloxacin, Laevomycetinum.
  2. Analgetics. For removal of pain and fever.
  3. Steroids: Prednisonum.
  4. Immunomodulators: interferon, mycoplasma imun.

Symptomatic treatment and the supporting therapy is at the same time carried out: mucous membranes from purulent allocations are processed, courses of probiotics and vitamins are appointed.

Read also about the choice of vitamins for cats.

For removal of load of a liver gepatoprotektor are appointed: karsit.

In especially hard cases (severe anemia) do to cats blood transfusion.

Important!

For prevention of a recurrence of a disease during the entire period of treatment carry out disinfection of habitats of an animal. Healthy cats are isolated from patients.

Prevention of mycoplasmosis

Vaccination against this disease is not carried out therefore all measures of prevention have to be directed to maintenance of high immunity of an animal, competent leaving and good nutrition.

It is important to observe terms of antiflea and anthelminthic processing of a cat as ekto-and endoparasites can extend a mycoplasma.

The main rule of prevention of all diseases – regular routine inspections of the pet will help to reveal pathology in due time.

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