- Dec 18, 2018
- May 20, 2018
Mycoplasmosis at cats or cat's infectious anemia – a disease which is caused by parasites of a mycoplasma (Mycoplasma haemofelis). These simplest organisms parasitize in erythrocytes – red blood cells. The more blood cells it is infected by parasites, the condition of the pet becomes worse.
Mycoplasmosis – an infectious disease from which there is no vaccine. But you should not be afraid of it – it is not deadly. The modern veterinary science has all necessary means for fight against an infection.
Cat's mycoplasmosis happens two types:
Without timely treatment at the infected cats heavy complications can develop.
Cat's mycoplasmosis is caused by monocelled parasites – mycoplasmas which can develop and breed only in an organism of a cat. In the external environment they quickly perish.
Parasites get to an organism of an animal and get into blood cells, using them as nutrients for the existence and development. When the parasite joins an erythrocyte surface, the immune answer is formed – it causes destruction of a red blood cell. In process of growth of number of the damaged erythrocytes at a cat anemia develops.
In the course of activity of a mycoplasma emit dangerous toxins which harmful influence bodies and the systems of an animal. It leads to development of various diseases of secondary type. Centers of localization of parasites: respiratory, urinogenital, digestive systems, joints, conjunctiva.
Mycoplasmas are conditionally pathogenic microorganisms. They live in the environment and come to light at 80% of a cat's livestock. With strong immunity they are harmless to animals. Pathological states arise at the weakened individuals, young people and the aging cats.
Infection of a cat occurs the next ways:
Mycoplasmosis long time can proceed asymptomatically, during this period of a cat are latent carriers and constitute danger to the relatives. At such animals high risk of development of pathology.
Avitaminosis, inadequate food and bad leaving weaken the immune system of a cat and promote growth of population of mycoplasmas.whether
Whether it is possible to catch from a cat – with this question owners of fluffy pets to the veterinarian most often come.
the Answer to this question – negative.
Mycoplasmas of animals are not transferred to the person. The sick animal does not need to be isolated from family members and other species of pets. The disease is transmitted only to representatives of the cat family.
At a disease the long incubatory period. Owners of the infected animals can not guess for several weeks that the pet has problems with health. Complicates diagnostics and that fact that in some cases mycoplasmosis proceeds asymptomatically.
A clinical picture of pathology indistinct also depends on the place of localization of parasites, the immune status of a cat and her age. Symptoms can vary and be shown with various degree of intensity and weight. At early stages the disease can remind usual cold.
At emergence of any of these signs it is necessary to show immediately the pet to the veterinarian for diagnosis and purpose of the scheme of treatment.
The mycoplasma at cats comes to light only in the laboratory way. Approximately this pathology does not come to light – deep, thoughtful diagnostics is necessary.
Stages of diagnostic actions:
Antibiotics at mycoplasmosis – the most common form of treatment. Therefore to above-mentioned researches add the sensitivity test to antibiotics.
By results of all researches the doctor makes the diagnosis and appoints treatment.
The scheme of treatment depends on the place of localization of an infection, degree of activity of parasites, disease severity. For removal of symptoms of a sharp form of a disease there are enough several days. Treatment of chronic mycoplasmosis can drag on for several months.
Symptomatic treatment and the supporting therapy is at the same time carried out: mucous membranes from purulent allocations are processed, courses of probiotics and vitamins are appointed.
Read also about the choice of vitamins for cats.
For removal of load of a liver gepatoprotektor are appointed: karsit.
In especially hard cases (severe anemia) do to cats blood transfusion.
For prevention of a recurrence of a disease during the entire period of treatment carry out disinfection of habitats of an animal. Healthy cats are isolated from patients.
Vaccination against this disease is not carried out therefore all measures of prevention have to be directed to maintenance of high immunity of an animal, competent leaving and good nutrition.
It is important to observe terms of antiflea and anthelminthic processing of a cat as ekto-and endoparasites can extend a mycoplasma.
The main rule of prevention of all diseases – regular routine inspections of the pet will help to reveal pathology in due time.