- Sep 17, 2019
- Apr 21, 2018
Epilepsy at cats – disorder of a brain which leads to spasms with loss or without consciousness loss. It is difficult to remain quiet during an epileptic attack. But it is necessary to make it – life of the favourite pet depends on fast and competent actions of the person.
Veterinarians-neurologists urge owners to be cool to provide first aid – cats do not die during an attack.
The cat's behavior during an attack is not controlled – the pet can accidentally wound himself. The owner has to prevent possible injuries as much as possible.
Do not try to unclench teeth to a cat fingers or a spoon at all. Do not insert any objects into a mouth – so you injure an animal and yourself.
Epilepsy is shown as uncontrollable muscular activity (spasms) as a result of temporary violation of normal functioning of a brain. The attack can have single character or repeat with some frequency. In veterinary science allocate two groups of the reasons of epileptic attacks: congenital, acquired.
The congenital reasons of epilepsy at cats are established only by results of diagnostic testings.
This group of the reasons – difficult comes to light and often does not contact an attack. Years can divide an attack and the reason which caused it.
Therapy of epilepsy at a cat assumes knocking over of attacks by means of anticonvulsant medicines and to achievement of long intervals of remission.
Lifelong remission is reached at 15-30% of cats. At other animals it is only possible to reduce the frequency of attacks and to facilitate their current.
True epilepsy – is up to the end not curable.
Completely it is possible to cure only the pathology caused by the acquired reasons, having removed these causes.
The decision on an initiation of treatment of epileptic seizures is made by the doctor-veterinarian on the basis of data on their frequency and duration. The owner of a cat has to fix these data and tell the expert.
Treatment is not required if attacks of epilepsy are noted 1-2 times a year, and at a cat no chronic diseases are revealed. The owner has to watch constantly the pet and create for him the safety habitat.
When attacks repeat monthly and more often, last longer than 5 minutes, their weight increases – the cat needs the help.
Drugs and the scheme of their application are appointed by the veterinarian-neurologist. The incorrect choice of medicine and its dosage can increase weight, frequency and duration of an attack.
The arsenal of medicines for treatment of convulsive attacks of cats is small in view of their strong toxicity.
The recommended dose – 1-2 mg on 1 kg of live weight 2-3 times a day.
Contraindications: chronic diseases of a liver.
Side effect: block, drowsiness, thirst.
The recommended dose: 1 mg on 1 kg of live weight. The first dose is entered at the beginning of spasms, the subsequent within 24 hours at an interval of 8 hours.
Contraindications: chronic diseases of a liver.
Side effect: oppression, excitability, abnormal behavior.
Dosage: "idiopathic epilepsy" is selected individually the veterinarian after confirmation of the diagnosis.
Contraindications: weight is lower than 5 kg.
Side effect: loss of appetite, vomiting.
Cats are forbidden to give human epilepsy medicine.
Cats with true epilepsy need lifelong treatment and observation from the veterinarian.
Her owner has to follow the following rules strictly:
At long administration of drugs at a cat anemia can develop – it is necessary to watch hemoglobin level constantly.
The appointed scheme of treatment is considered successful if at a cat epileptic seizures completely stopped or their frequency was reduced twice. At the same time there should not be side effects from the taken drugs. That the veterinarian could estimate efficiency of drugs, the owner needs to keep the diary of observations. In it dates of attacks, their type, features and duration are documented.
The plan of treatment is revised by the veterinarian if the frequency of spasms at a cat was not reduced by 50%. It can happen because of incorrect diagnosis, individual reaction of an animal to medicines, incorrectly picked up dosage.
If attacks at a cat are absent more than a year, the doctor can appoint stage-by-stage decrease in a dosage of medicines. The one-stage termination of anti-epileptic medicines is not allowed – it causes "a cancellation syndrome".
Depending on the reasons which caused pathology, epilepsy at a cat shares on:
The epileptic seizure has several pronounced phases, at each of which the characteristic symptoms. Owners of cats need to know them to manage to give an animal first aid.
At each cat the epileptic attack is shown in own way, phases last different time, can be greased, not pronounced.
Often repeating attacks lead to the strongest oxygen starvation and dying off (necrosis) of cells of a brain.
The most serious condition, leading to serious complications, up to a lethal outcome, is an epileptic status.
Carry to it:
The danger of the epileptic status consists that the brain of an animal tests the strongest overloads. At cats serious neurologic pathologies develop and life expectancy is reduced. Such state demands surgery of veterinary experts.
Only the veterinarian-neurologist can establish the reason of pathology – do not try to do it independently. The diagnosis epilepsy is made by results of a set of inspections and laboratory analyses, on the basis of your records from the magazine of observations and video filming.
An important role in diagnosis is played by the description of a picture of an attack: harbingers, duration, the nature of spasms at cats, exit time from a state. Having received results of all researches, the veterinarian makes the final diagnosis.
In a case with congenital epilepsy, the only measure of prevention – creation of the safe dwelling for your animal.
Such pets need room contents without high ladders and pieces of furniture from which they can fall during an attack.
The street for sick cats – a dangerous and prohibited zone. Measures of prevention are generally calculated on symptomatic type of a disease.
Ideally – never leave the pet unguarded. Observance of these rules will reduce risk of developing of epilepsy at a cat.