• Sep 18, 2019
of the Disease of digestive tract at horses — one of the most dangerous states. They not only can proceed extremely painfully, but also sometimes become a cause of death of an animal. What is of colic at horses and why they occur ?

The Horse Nibbles a Grass Ashore Photo: pixabay.com

What is gripes at horses?

About 70% of diseases of a system of digestion is followed by a complex of symptoms which is called "gripes".

the name "gripes" comes from the word colon (the name of a gut), that is, actually, indicates pain in an obodochny gut. However the pains reminding gripes arise also at a set of other diseases of a stomach, intestines (any department), kidneys, a liver, a bladder. Therefore at present the name "gripes" became very conditional. And in clinical sense it means the acute pain in abdominal organs which sometimes is shown as an attack — a consequence of convulsive reductions of internals and also squeezings of the nervous terminations.

Features of a system of digestion at horses

of the Horse are the herbivores having a single-chamber stomach. Them digestion is perfectly adapted by a target= for any assimilation of a vegetable forage. Horses slowly eat, carefully chew food and swallow of it in the small portions.
of the Horse "are armed" with strong teeth and strong chewing muscles therefore, at plentiful salivation, perfectly chew dry firm feeds and plentifully moisten them with saliva. Saliva plays an important role in digestion, creating an alkaline environment in a stomach — it is necessary for effect of enzymes which are produced by microflora and contain in a vegetable forage. Also saliva regulates acid-base balance and neutralizes stomach acid. It contains the substances possessing bactericidal action (lysozyme and ингибан), she participates in thermal control of a horse organism.
two horses beautiful photo Photo: pixabay.com
of Sterns stays in a mouth not for long then gets in the crushed, damp look into a stomach through a gullet. The gullet goes to a stomach at an angle, and from the internal surface of a stomach the place of an entrance is covered by a fold which does to an impossible otkhozhdenia of gases through a gullet and vomiting at a horse.
stomach Volume depending on the sizes of a horse can fluctuate from 6 to 16 liters.
of
is important to remember that secretion of digestive glands at a horse proceeds continuously, and the huge amount of gastric juice can be distinguished per day (up to 30 liters).
the Forage , coming to a stomach, is located layers and there are several hours there. Then contents of a stomach move to a small intestine (a duodenum, a lean gut and a podvzdoshny gut). Here food masses "is processed" by pancreas juice, bile and intestinal juice. The nature of a diet affects composition of enzymes of a pancreas. The mucous membrane of a small intestine is covered a large number of microfibers (the general surface — about 12 sq.m) thanks to which splitting products are soaked up.
From a small intestine food weight comes to thick department of intestines, in particular, in a blind gut. Bacteria which split cellulose (at horses process takes place in a blind gut which plays a role kind of of "the second stomach" where food is late for long time) are important for digestion in a large intestine. The large intestine contains a large number of the bacteria causing rotting of proteins and fermentation of carbohydrates. At the same time poisonous connections which are soaked up in blood are formed and neutralized by a liver.
the Rectum through an anus with a sphincter comes to light. Defecation is carried out from 5 to 12 times a day.

Why there are gripes at horses?

to Development of diseases with symptom complex of "colic" are promoted by features a gastrointestinal tract of a horse .
First of all, is need to carefully chew a forage. Any violations of process of chewing (diseases of teeth, changes of chewing muscles, damage of joints of a jaw, a disease of a mucous membrane of a mouth, too firm forage or greedy eating of forages) create prerequisites for development of the gastrointestinal diseases which are followed by gripes.
Is important also a condition of the autonomic nervous system. Clinically distinguish:
  • to Vagotony is the increase in a tone of a parasympathetic system which is shown in narrowing of pupils, an urezheniya and lability of pulse, nervous arrhythmia, the increased perspiration at the beginning of work, fast decumulation of a forage and its insufficient chewing, increase in salivation, tendency to a diarrhea.
  • to Simpatikotony is an increase in a tone of sympathetic nervous system. Expansion of pupils, tachycardia, dryness of skin and mucous membrane of a mouth, slow eating of a forage is characteristic of such horses.
  • Normotoniya is a normal tone of the autonomic nervous system.
If at a horse a vagotoniya, she, because of plentiful salivation, very quickly swallows of a forage (in particular grain), without making small it sufficiently. These horses often have the increased secretion of glands of a stomach, increase in its motor functions and are inclined to Qatar of a stomach and to spastic gripes.
If at a horse a simpatikotoniya, she carefully chews a forage (as saliva is emitted insufficiently), but is inclined to considerable expansion of a stomach, an atoniya and stagnation of contents of intestines.

Both can lead to development of gripes in a horse. "

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