Meteorizm (or swelling) intestines at a horse is an excessive accumulation in intestines of gases therefore walls of intestines stretch, and its functioning is broken.
Meteorizm of intestines at a horse is primary (result of eating of the easily wandering forage) and secondary (the reason – impassability of guts).
the intestines meteorizm Reasons at a horse
1. The main reason – a large number of the juicy easily wandering forage:
young wet grass,
the mowed insufficiently dried up grass.
2. Large amount of compound feed.
3. Feeding of a horse flour.
4. Eating of the moldy or sour forages and subsequent plentiful poyeniye.
the Current of a meteorizm of intestines at a horse
the Starting factor – more intensive, than usually, formation of gases. An important role in development of a meteorizm of intestines in a horse is played by the termination of an otkhozhdeniye of gases as a result of a sphincter spasm on the site where the small obodochny gut passes into a straight line.
As gases collect, amplifies reduction of guts, and eventually reduction becomes spastic. The thick guts filled with gases and fodder masses fill all abdominal cavity and stretch belly walls. The shape of a stomach changes, it increases in volume. Intra belly pressure increases, bodies of a chest and abdominal cavity are squeezed. All this is accompanied by severe gripes.
the Result of all this is redistribution of blood which passes to peripheral parts of a body. Heartbeat and breath are at a loss, intoxication accrues.
the Heavy current of a meteorizm of intestines at a horse comes to an end with a rupture of guts and diaphragms.
a horse can die From intoxication and asphyxia.
On average an intestines meteorizm at a horse lasts about 12 hours. But sometimes in 4 – 5 hours of gases collects very much that the animal perishes from suffocation as a result of squeezing of lungs.
intestines meteorizm Symptoms at a horse
the Stomach increases in volume, especially on the right side.
the Horse suffers from attacks of gripes and worries.
In the beginning intestinal noise amplify, then – weakened and stop.
the Horse sweats, tries to lay down and ride on the ground.
Sometimes the horse tries to accept a pose of the sitting dog.
the Breath which is speeded up is observed short wind of chest type.
Cyanosis of mucous membranes.
Temperature normal or slightly raised.
Diagnostics of a meteorizm of intestines at a horse
As a rule, diagnosis of difficulties does not represent. The meteorizm differs from sharp expansion of intestines in attempts to accept a pose of the sitting dog. Also at sharp expansion of a stomach stomach volume does not increase.
the Forecast of a meteorizm of intestines at a horse
Signs of a failure of a meteorizm of intestines at a horse:
Increase of concern.
Gnash teeth as intoxication symptom.
Fall of temperature of extremities, ears and lips (peripheral parts of a body).
Incoordination of movements.
Termination of a vermicular movement of intestines.
Signs of a favorable outcome of a meteorizm of intestines at a horse:
Reduction of concern.
Emergence of a vermicular movement of intestines.
Otkhozhdeniye of gases.
Termination of gripes.
Emergence of appetite.
Treatment of a meteorizm of intestines at a horse
First of all if you observe dangerous symptoms, it is worth contacting as soon as possible the veterinarian and to implement his recommendations.
the Horse can drive, pound skin camphor alcohol or a flying liniment.
a horse cannot be fed the First day, but it is possible to give to drink. From the second day it is possible to give good hay.
Treatment begins with the fact that attacks of gripes and a spasm of a sphincter between a straight line and a small obodochny gut are removed. Enter 10% solution of the hloragidrat (50 ml intravenously) or novocaine solution (0.25% – 0.5%, respectively, 1 and 0.5 ml on 1 kg of body weight of a horse).
to remove a spasm of intestines and to eliminate pain, are applied soothing and spazmolitichesky medicines.
Prevention of a meteorizm of intestines at a horse
the Only prevention of a meteorizm of intestines and gripes at horses is an observance of rules of feeding and giving forages of high quality.