- Dec 12, 2018
Intestinal impassability at cats — serious pathological condition at which advance of a food lump on a digestive tract because of a mechanical barrier or deterioration in motility of intestines is strongly broken or completely stopped is continuously produced. In process of progressing of a disease the general intoxication of an organism often leading to death of a pet develops.
In digestive tract of cats the digestive juice containing enzymes without which splitting of difficult components of food to simpler is impossible is continuously produced. This process is practically not connected with consumption of a forage or liquid in any way: production of biological substances is possible even in a condition of hunger. In an organism of a healthy animal the processed stomach contents, having passed all departments of intestines, it is utilized outside by means of an anus.
During movement of a food lump on a small intestine digestive juice is soaked up through its walls back, but already together with the substances necessary for ensuring processes of activity. At intestinal impassability this mechanism is broken, so, the animal receives less a set of nutritious elements. Responsible for pathology most often become the following reasons:
- Foreign matter. Such situation is registered in overwhelming number of the cases connected with violation of a vermicular movement of a GIT. Problems with a chair is more often than the others representatives of long-haired cat breeds who constantly lick have and swallow own wool. The stomach does not cope with processing of hairs and when those get into intestines, there is its blockage.
- Helminthic invasion. If the organism of the pet teems with parasites, probability is high that it will have problems with depletion of intestines. So, helminths can gather in a ball, blocking pass and to begin to decay.
- Lock. The stool which became too dry cannot freely leave intestines therefore the stopper is formed.
- Заворот guts. Arises at turn of a part of an intestinal tube round its pivot-center. The damaged site loses access of blood and over time nekrotizirutsya.
- Opukholevidny educations in a digestive tract. Polyps of the good-quality or malignant nature quite often create a barrier on the way of movement of contents of intestines.
- Congenital anomalies of a GIT.
Clinical manifestations of pathology
In case of partial impassability the barrier is overcome by only a small part of contents of intestines whereas at full movement of fodder weight in principle is impossible. The small quantity a calla or at all its lack and also increase in volume of a stomach will be the main symptom allowing to suspect pathology at a cat. the Full impassability has a pronounced clinical picture:
- the most severe intoxication causes constant attacks of vomiting;
- the exhausted animal feels abdominal pain;
- at the pet the appetite vanishes;
- apathy develops.
When there is an obstruction, digestive juice is still emitted, but it is not soaked up in a small intestine any more, and, accumulating in a stomach, provokes severe vomiting owing to what the organism is dehydrated and weakens.
Sometimes, that the foreign subject which got stuck in intestines begins to decay and be oxidized, allocating toxic connections that, certainly, has an adverse effect on a condition of an animal. The impassability, as well as a chronic lock, leads to reproduction of putrefactive and pathogenic microorganisms which break balance of a natural microbiota.
To learn whether really the pet suffers from intestinal impassability, it is possible, having only visited veterinary clinic. At some animals, especially with a small fatty layer on a stomach, it is possible to determine the painful site by a palpatorny method. Ultrasonic examination of belly area allows to diagnose violation of a vermicular movement, but it is not always obviously possible to reveal impassability.
For statement of the final diagnosis carry out roentgenoscopy with use of contrast substance. The essence of a method consists in carrying out a series of pictures which carry out after the animal drinks barium sulfate solution. As a last resort, if it is impossible to visualize impassability of intestines by means of noninvasive procedures, carry out diagnostic laparotomy.
Without the qualified help it will be possible to cope with intestinal impassability at a cat hardly, especially if pathological process proceeds in the started form. If the foreign subject which is accidentally swallowed by the pet surely became a cause of illness surgical intervention for the purpose of elimination of the reason of obstruction of intestines is required.
In rare instances the veterinarian appoints cleaning procedures by means of an enema, a dropper with physiological solution to prevent organism dehydration. All medical procedures have to be carried out only by the expert as only he knows all subtleties of physiology of cats. Independently carrying out manipulations in house conditions, the owner risks to do serious harm to the pet, for example, to injure a mucous membrane of a rectum.
After operation to an animal appoint a rate of the antibacterial, anti-inflammatory and anesthetizing medicines. It is important to watch closely a condition of seams. Also rehabilitation period observance of a strict diet is shown. After a while it is allowed to transfer an animal to the liquid and crushed forage.
Use of laxatives and the medicines enhancing motility of intestines in some cases is inadmissible as their action can provoke a rupture of guts. Vaseline oil which is given at the intestinal impassability caused by dry excrements is considered rather safe means.
of the Measure of prevention
To save the favourite from unpleasant consequences of intestinal impassability, it is necessary to follow absolutely simple rules. The most important — to remove from a field of vision of a cat dangerous objects which it can mistakenly take for food. The potential threat for intestines of an animal is posed in itself by a foil, threads, elastic bands, pieces of paper, bird's feathers, Christmas-tree decorations.
It is impossible to limit a daily diet of a cat at all to dry feeds which as practice shows, quite often provoke a lock and swelling. It is important to control drinking regime of the pet — the bowl has to be always filled with clear water. It is regularly and carefully necessary to comb out representatives of long-haired breeds, especially in the period of a molt.
The intestinal impassability at cats, as a rule, is followed by the whole bouquet of symptoms to which the careful owner will at once pay attention. In order to avoid heavy complications it is important to show the chetverony friend to the veterinarian in the first days of a disease.