• Dec 10, 2018

It is frequent owners of cats often do not even think of that how many problems the matured pet can bring. Also do not understand why to castrate cats and to sterilize cats until the animal who went mad from sexual hunting begins to spoil furniture and to mark curtains. And it is even worse — will jump out in a window in search of love affairs and either will break, or will die on the street, hit car or broken off by stray dogs.

Why It Is Necessary to Castrate Cats

What is castration and sterilization

Many owners of cat's consider that cats are only castrated, and will sterilize cats. It's not true. Castration — the procedure of full removal of gonads at of both sexes, at cats delete testicles, at cats, respectively, ovaries. After the performed operation at animals the ability to reproduction of posterity vanishes and sexual aggression stops. And also at males the habit to mark the territory vanishes, at females signs of a techka disappear and production of sex hormones stops.

For females there are two types of castration:

  1. Oovarioektomiya's (removal of ovaries) — is suitable for the young not giving birth cats.
  2. Ovariogisterektomiya's (removal of ovaries and uterus) — is suitable for cats of 12 months.

Sterilization — band surgery after which the animal loses reproductive ability. At the same time production of sex hormones and sexual hunting remain as during the procedure gonads are not removed, and pipes at cats and semyavyvodyashchy channels at cats tie uterine.

Why to Sterilize Cats

From the point of view of veterinarians, operation on sterilization — absolutely senseless procedure. For correction of behavior and maintaining health of both cats, and cats castration is recommended.

Both sterilization, and castration have the following contraindications:

  • advanced age;
  • recently postponed diseases;
  • individual intolerance of an anesthesia;
  • allergy to medicines.

Before the procedure it is necessary to conduct full examination of the pet and to consult with the veterinarian.

of Advantage and negative sides

After castration/sterilization because of reduction of production of sex hormones, in an organism of the pet there are irreversible changes. procedure Pluses:

Advantages of Sterilization of Cats

  • Lack of aggression — animals become quieter, the aspiration to run away from the house, to mark the territory and to fight with relatives vanishes.
  • The pet does not try to escape from the house — the risk decreases to be run over by a car, in a mouth to dogs or to fleecers, to drop out of a window.
  • Reduction of risk of infection with fatal infections, internal and external parasites — animals do not copulate and do not fight with relatives.
  • Prevention of oncological diseases — decreases the probability of developing of malignant tumors.
  • Increase in life expectancy — the castrated/sterilized animals live much longer.
  • The risk of diseases of genital bodies — a piometr, adenoma of a prostate gland, a cyst and a new growth of ovaries, a uterus and testicles is reduced.

carry To minuses:

Advantages of Castration of Cats

  • Risk of development of obesity — because of change of hormonal balance animals eat double portions and become lazy. Calories are not spent, and collect in an organism, as serves as the obesity reason.
  • Postoperative complications — any surgical intervention is considered a certain risk for an organism and can be followed by complications. The qualification of the veterinarian is higher, the risk is less.
  • Application of an anesthesia — some the animal, especially elderly or transferred serious illness can not transfer action of an anesthesia and just not wake up after operation.
  • Developing of an urolithic disease at cats and incontinence of urine at the grown fat cats.

When and where to carry out the procedure

According to veterinarians, operation has to be performed to the first sexual relations. Ideal age 8−12 months and at any age are considered further if there are no contraindications. The veterinarian in the conditions of clinic surely has to perform operation. After the procedure the owner has to observe strictly all recommendations about postoperative leaving.

The decision on castration/sterilization is accepted by the owner proceeding from the interests of an animal. The main thing in this question — to rely on reason, but not on emotion.

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