- Jan 15, 2020
- May 8, 2020
Homeless animals, unlike domestic dogs and cats, have certain freedom. They solve where to eat and sleep with whom to play and where to go. But in what they pay for this freedom?
Alas, life of animals on the street you will not call happy. In some countries homeless animals become the real problem. There is no statistics how many animals, at least approximately, lives on streets of our cities. Counted that, for example, in Sarajevo (Bosnia), the city with the population of 370 thousand people, on streets lives about 11 - 13 thousand dogs.
From where undertake homeless animals? Most of them once were house. But in one not the great moment them was thrown out by "careful" owners, or owners died, and animals were not necessary. Or animals have owners, but those, though do not refuse "the best friends", prefer to let out pets on "self-walking". Unsterilized cats and dogs get posterity, and on to the street there are even more homeless animals.
According to scientists University of Edinburgh, in the world there are about 500 million now dogs. And 75% of these dogs – vagrant. Homeless animals can be met practically in all countries. But some countries effectively solve this problem: create the system of shelters to find new owners, or will sterilize vagabonds to reduce the number of unfortunate creations.
In process domestication people brought animals according to the requirements. And result of this process – appearance of the animals almost ideal for joint life with the person. However side effect that these animals are very little adapted for life on the street, without human care.
Dogs, even homeless are not hunters, unlike wolves. And all of them are equally forced in much to count on the people either who are feeding up them, or providing food supply, throwing out products which stray dogs select. But the limitation of resources leads to the competition, including to fights, so, and to appearance of wounds which, naturally, nobody treats.
Tumors, skin diseases, the broken bones and open wounds – a commonplace for the homeless dogs. According to data of WSPA (World Society for the Protection of Animals), ¾ puppies in developing countries die of such infectious diseases, as rage or plague. Stray dogs cannot address the veterinarian, they suffer and die silently.
Vagabonds try to adapt to life in those places where there live people, expecting to find shelters and food. But people seldom treat them kindly as perceive in quality of threat. As a result of stray dogs beat, poison and shoot.
Veterinary magazine Preventive Medicine Magazine in 2010 published results of a research, the carried-out World Organization for Animal Health. Results showed that than the country is more developed, that humane control methods are more widespread there the populations of animals which are not assuming murder. What less developed the country, by that the methods (if they in general exist) considering are more widespread murder of animals as main way of regulation of their number.
According to data of ICAC (International Companion Animal Coalition), the situation with vagrant cats is not less sad, than with vagrant dogs.
Vagrant cats, living in close proximity to each other, not vaccinated and not sterilized, not only uncontrolledly breed, but also infect each other diseases. In addition, they battle for limited resources and do not receive good nutrition.
Cats – obligate predators, and they have specific needs for food. They cannot survive on to vegetarian diet or at a lack of proteins. And still warm are necessary for them shelters because cats very badly transfer cold and temperature differences. In result among vagrant cats the death rate, especially is very high at kittens who are most vulnerable because of the weak immune system.
One more reason the death of cats – death under wheels of cars. Also many vagrant cats perish from hands of people, including from poisonings. And, of course, homeless cats risk to ache with rage.
So freedom costs very much to homeless animals. Whether the people dooming pets to similar existence think of it? Question rhetorical …