- Sep 4, 2020
the Cynologist is an expert on whom in many respects depends wellbeing of a dog. Especially if the owner blindly follows his recommendations. And means, in work of the cynologist not to do without ethical code. What has to be ethical code of the cynologist?
Why professional ethics is so important both for the specific professional, and for the cynologist's profession in general?
The professional ethics covers moral questions which can arise in the course of work both with a dog, and with the owner. the Cynologist has a set of knowledge, and the professional ethics defines, how exactly he uses this knowledge. It means that the professional personifies the "positive, ethic ideas and values of a profession" bringing benefit to the client and the industry in general (Welfel, 2009).
The advantage of professional ethics is that she declares recognition and respect of independence and dignity of the client. It is necessary to treat everyone validly, and the professional has no right to do harm the actions. the Professional has to be honest and reliable (O’Heare, 2009).
Professional ethics is important also for the cynologist, and for a profession in general. Because if all cynologists will observe professional ethics, they will use trust at clients. Besides the cynologist will be able to raise professional level, cooperating with other experts in this sphere observing ethics. The professional ethics provides that experts act in compliance with the code, work competently and only within the professionalism. If it is necessary, they direct the client to other professional. (O’Heare, 2009).
As idea of competence corresponds to the sphere of a bucheniye of pets and consultations on behavior problems?
Competence – it is a fundamental obligation of the professional according to the ethical code (Welfel, 2009). The competence means that the professional gained theoretical knowledge, was trained and studied results researches and also has necessary skills that it is valid to apply this knowledge in working situations (O’Heare, 2009). Within training of animals partners and consultations on behavior problems the competence includes skills interviewings, ability to carry out diagnostics and also technical skills and ability to apply them in time and to the place (Welfel p 82 2009).
Competence – it is the valid professional knowledge, skills, but not level educations. It is unlikely the professional is competent absolutely of all techniques used in the field of training of animals and correction of behavior. But true professional works only within the competence and realizes the restrictions (Welfel, 2009).
Professional honestly performs the work and it is focused on true requirements client (Welfel, 2009). In the sphere of training of animals and correction of behavior a concept "client" includes as well an animal. An animal – the valuable participant of process consultations, though cannot give the informed consent (O’Heare 2009).
Why is important the informed consent in work of the trainer and specialist in correction of behavior?
Professional realizes that the right and responsibility of each being – to increase level the wellbeing. Clients have freedom of choice and participate in process voluntarily, if possess adequate information on the events and also realize circumstances and the expected result. The client has legitimate right for this information (Welfel, 2009).
The client in process training of an animal or correction of behavior bears full responsibility for pet. The professional is obliged to disclose all aspects of relationship completely client and expert, such as confidentiality, role of each participant, cost of services, payment methods, possibility of refusal of services and responsibility parties (O’Heare, 2009).
The specialist in training of animals and correction of behavior has to realize the value of an animal and his inability to give the informed consent. Therefore he has to act in favor of wellbeing of an animal, and techniques of correction of behavior have to be lawful and humane (O’Heare, 2009).
Why can arise the conflict of interests and how to solve it?
Informed consent assumes that "the decision to participate in this or that activity it has to be accepted without coercion or excessive pressure" (Welfel, 2009). When we work with animals and their trustees, the professional has to realize, that it has two clients and it is necessary to satisfy requirements both.
The animal as the client cannot give the informed consent and make decisions, it is not capable to take the responsibility for the wellbeing. It makes pets extremely vulnerable. As professionals, we adhere to the principle "Do not do much harm. The specialist in training of animals and correction of behavior should not worsen wellbeing an animal. It is the fundamental principle of professional ethics (O’Heare, 2009).
The professional has to be convinced that him techniques and protocols are as less as possible invasive a rel= "noreferrer noopener" aria-label= also intruzivna. The wellbeing of animals has to be the main priority, and it is always necessary to protect the interests of an animal. The conflict of interests can arise when the owner or uses inhumane methods, or living conditions dogs cause discomfort or do physical/psychological harm. The status of the owner does not grant to the client the moral right to harm an animal (O’Heare, 2009).
If arises the conflict of interests, the professional's task – to look for an opportunity to train the client to more acceptable and effective methods of training. The expert should not approve or to support methods which cause damage to an animal. The consultant has to to remind the client of professional ethics, and it is better to refuse to work, than to apply unethical methods (O’Heare 2009).
How to make the decision on the acceptability of ways and techniques of training and correction of behavior of animals?
In the course of acceptance decisions need to be considered as far as this or that method is humane. The professional has to use the most humane of possible methods is him the first and fundamental obligation. The professional uses "dot" methods, but he it is also responsible for how these methods will affect wellbeing of an animal in whole (O’Heare, 2009).
Developing the program of training or correction of behavior, the professional needs to solve, as they correspond to the behavioural repertoire of an animal, train in new to behavior or reduce intensity of manifestation of problems. Choosing methods, it is necessary to weigh advantage and risks, especially if aversivny are used tools. Humanity in a priority, and the professional, assessing a situation, has to first of all to use the most humane procedures from existing (O’Heare, 2009).
If to the professional it is not possible to solve a problem by exclusively humane methods, it has to once again to carry out diagnostics to look at a situation from a different perspective, to use services of more qualified specialist, to work under him superviziya or to redirect the client to him. the Dog should not suffer from the fact that the cynologist does not have enough knowledge skills in use of humane methods . Making any decision, the professional constantly weighs pros and cons (O’Heare p 14 2009).