- Feb 3, 2019
- Jan 16, 2020
In development of the planet, flora and fauna repeatedly was exposed to transformation. Any types developed, learned to adapt, and some were forced to stop the existence. A lot of things were caused by it: Ice Ages, natural disasters, collisions of meteors, etc. But the continuous threat of existence is rendered by people. Now the died-out animals can be seen only on pages of encyclopedias, and about 11 of them it is told further in article.
Possibly, one of the most known died-out birds. Was Dodo about 1 meter high, weight was about 10-18 kg. Development of the islands of Mauritius by Europeans became the reason of disappearance of a dodo. The matter is that from the ships seamen delivered dogs, cats and rats. All these animals, having landed on the island, began to destroy helpless nests of Dodo. And due to the lack of predators, the bird who this was serenely existing, not flying lost a self-preservation instinct. Also because of nutrition value of Dodo they were killed without effort on meat. Possibly, the last dodo died in 1761. At present in Oxford there are experiments on restoration of DNA of this bird.
Small rabbit is bandinut, once known as a yallara — one of two species of marsupials of the mammals entering a sort of rabbit bandikut. It is known that the small animals growing to 30-40 cm preferred the sandy and clay soil in which they dug out deep, up to 2-3 meters, holes. At night they hunted on ants, termites, small rodents, picked roots and seeds, and had a rest in the cool shelters in the afternoon, having providently filled up an entrance with sand. Unlike the closest relative, the rabbit bandikut, small bandinut it was known for the aggressive, stubborn and tenacious character. He responded to all attempts to take it in hand with spiteful hissing, was scratched and resisted in every way.
Scientists consider that a cause of death of steel of a whole type the cats imported on the continent and foxes and also continuous rivalry with rabbits for food.
The little earlier, at the end of the 18th century, people exterminated a sea (stellerova) cow – a sluggish water mammal with a weight reaching 10 tons and more than 9 meters long. The animal ate seaweed, led an inactive life. Meat of sea cows was very tasty, because fans to regale on it there was more and more. Slightly more than a quarter of the century left on completely to exterminate population from more than 2 thousand individuals.
It is interesting that after destruction of a cow of Steller, the scientific world messages about a meeting of people with these unique creations several times excited. Unfortunately, any of them was not confirmed yet. The latest news belong to June, 2012: according to some online editions, a stellerov the cow is alive — population from 30 individuals was found in the small island relating to the Canadian Arctic Archipelago. Thawing of ices gave the chance to get into its most remote corners where there were cabbage white butterflies. Let's hope that rumors will be confirmed, and the mankind will be able to correct the fatal flaw.
One of three subspecies of a tiger which were once living in Indonesia — the Balinese tiger, the smallest among all tigers ever existing on Earth. The Balinese tigers differed from the relatives (the Javanese and sumatransky tigers) in shorter and dark wool, smaller number of strips, and by the size they were no more leopard or pumas.
According to some information, the last Balinese tiger was shot in September, 1937, but it is possible that the remains of population existed until the end of the 1940th – the beginning of the 1950th years. Hunting, fashionable at that time among the European rich men, for tigers and loss of habitats became the reason of total disappearance of these subspecies.
Contrary to a tiny Balinese tiger, the Caspian tiger had the impressive sizes, almost without conceding in it to a massive Amur tiger. Destruction Caspian, or Turonian, tigers gained mass character at the end of the 19th century.
These inhabitants of the desert island Pint were considered disappeared from the face of the earth long ago. The majority abingdonsky elephant skulls was exterminated in the 19th century, and in the middle of the 20th century scientists were ready to render an official verdict, having given them the status of the died-out look.
But in 1971 the Lonely George (on a photo) who glorified Galápagos, or elephant, turtles for the whole world was found. The meeting with Lonely George gave to biologists hope for renewal of a look which teetered on the brink of life and death.
However all attempts to force a male to continue a sort came to an end with fiasco – George ignored all girlfriends, preferring loneliness and completely justifying the first part of the name. On June 24, 2012 George did not become – they died of heart attack. And together with it the history of existence abingdonsky elephant skulls ended.
The fate of a black Cameroonian rhinoceros – a striking example of how poaching can lead to disappearance of once numerous population of animals. Still quite recently freely walking about on the central and western regions of the African continent, black Cameroonian rhinoceroses in 2011 were officially announced by the disappeared subspecies.
The Tasmaniysky wolf is the only representative of marsupials of wolves, it is also called тилацин. The look is from Australia, in length of an individual reached size 100 — 130 cm height – 60 cm the weight of a stake of 25 kg. The first mention of a tasmaniysky wolf was revealed on petroglyphic records not later than by 1000 BC. Europeans for the first time faced a marsupial a wolf in 1642. In the thirties the 19th centuries mass destruction of an animal by farmers began to protect the sheep. Thus marsupials wolves remained only in the remote Regions of Tasmania by 1863.
The species of the Gold frog was found in 1966. Lived in Monteverda on Costa Rica. Long time the ideal temperature and humidity for life of this being remained there, but human activity was broken by habitual parameters of the environment that led to extinction of this species of a frog. The last Gold frog was observed in 1989.
The Kvagga lived in the south of Africa, a color in front resembled a zebra, and behind – a horse. It is nearly only exterminated look which was tamed by people to protect herds. Kvagg had ability quicker than cows, sheep, to notice hens predators and to warn owners about danger shout of "kuakh" (from here and there was their name). Kvagg were destroyed by the person for the sake of meat and a skin in 1878.
Moa, she is the elephant bird reaching the giant sizes, lived in New Zealand. These birds superficially resembling ostriches reached in length of 3.5 m and about 350 kg weighed. The look perfectly existed till 1500 when natives began to kill them.
Also, according to some data, such birds were seen at the end of the 19th century. Unfortunately, given about restoration of population of this look is not present. However experts found out that the closest relative of Moa is the bird to Tinam.
Because of the person hundreds of representatives of flora and fauna which, unfortunately, not to see to either contemporaries, or descendants died.