• Nov 15, 2018

for anybody not a secret that in Ancient Egypt worshipped many animals, one of whom was also a cat. Domestic cats were sacred animals. It is considered that they were tamed in Egypt 4000 years ago. Also the cat performed functions, useful to the person.

Cult of a Cat in Ancient Egypt

Value of cats

The cat stood improbable high in esteem, everyone wanted to have her in the house. Representatives cat's perfectly caught mice and rats, protecting not only precious grains, but also owners from diseases, for example, from plague. Besides, cats could catch snakes, doing the regions of Egypt it is safer. The death of the favourite brought to owners more grief, than the death of the family member. During the fire the Egyptian saved the favourite from the building and only then extinguished fire. As cats were considered as sacred, buried them just as people: mummified and left them milk and food for future afterlife.

Cult of a Cat in Ancient Egypt

By the way, on big cats, for example, on lions, was allowed to hunt while it was required to be respectful to a domestic cat, was forbidden to do even the slightest harm.

Idolization of cats

Egyptians saw grace, their independence, pride in these animals. Probably, for this reason many Egyptian gods were represented in the form of cats.

The most popular "cat's" goddess is Bastet. Often she was represented in the form of the girl from the-headed cat holding in hand a musical instrument систр. The city of Bubastis built Sheshonky by the First was the main place of worship of this goddess.

Cult of a Cat in Ancient Egypt

The goddess Bast personified fertility, motherhood, a home, and in general something light, joyful. It is also known that Egyptians trusted in Bast's possibility to turn from a lovely, quiet cat into a blood-thirsty lioness. Perhaps, it is explained by behavior of cats who can stand at the right time for themselves. Bastet's worship as to the goddess of motherhood also becomes clear of cat's behavior: they long bear posterity, and then attentively look after it, protecting from any danger.

of Bast was not the only deity which was associated with representatives of a sort of cat's. For example, the goddess Mafdet, Tefnut were represented with the heads of a lion, Amon in the form of a sphinx, and represented Aker a two-headed lion.

Cult of a Cat in Ancient Egypt

Now the set of proofs of existence of a cult of cats is found in Ancient Egypt: the improbable number of images on walls, statues. It is considered that the sanctity of these animals disappeared after the ban of a cult of Bastet in 390. But nevertheless, cats did not cease to be kept at themselves in houses.

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