• Mar 10, 2020

If you are interested in questions of psychology and wellbeing of animals, you read about it and you try to make the favourite happy, for certain not time was met by recommendations "to create the enriched environment" for the pet. That it for an animal such – the enriched environment – and how to enrich it?

 the Enriched environment for animals the Himalaya bear of a photo
of the Photo: animalsasia.org

That it "the enriched environment" and why it is necessary to animals?

What is the enriched environment? The term "the enriched environment" if to simplify, means the changes in living conditions of animals connected with any additions and complications, which purpose – to increase the level of wellbeing animals.

Were conducted researches which proved that the enriched environment is necessary not only to inhabitants of farms and laboratory animal, but also animal partners, including, living in shelters (Gourkow, 2001), nurseries and also to pets.

For example, it became clear that the enriched environment in zoos allows to diversify the behavioural repertoire, reduces the probability of abnormal behavior, increases the frequency of manifestations of normal (vidotipichny) behavior and also increases the probability that an animal will normally cope with the difficulties arising in his life (Young, 2003, p. 2).

All this fully belongs and to pets.

That is the enriched environment increases the level of physical and psychological health, so, and the level of wellbeing . But also, the enriched environment strengthens relations between the owner and the pet.

How to provide the enriched environment for the pet?

Scientists (in particular, Bloomsmith et al., 1991) offer the next ways of enrichment of the environment for animals:

  1. Physical: quantity and the size of rooms where the animal has access, any devices (for example, raznourovnevy surfaces for cats, multystoried cages for rodents, manholes, short flights of stairs, etc.)
  2. Social: safe communication with relatives, other animals and people.
  3. Touch: visual, audio, tactile and olfactory incentives (different surfaces, sounds, search games, walks for dogs, etc.)
  4. Occupations: an opportunity to investigate an environment (and new places that is especially important for dogs), physical and intellectual activity and games.
  5. Food: feeding frequency, food type, variety of food, feeding method (for example, slow feeding troughs), access to water.

All this (reasonably, of course) brings a variety the pet's life, so, makes him happy.

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