• Oct 1, 2019

Feathers of birds — the material used by people from time immemorial. What their purpose in dresses of different times and nationalities was?

Polynesian culture

In the Polynesian culture of a bird are considered as divine bulletins, and jewelry from feathers is important and is associated with ruling elite.

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to a makhiola and the raincoat of an akhuul is traditional clothes of the Hawaiian leaders from feathers of birds for ceremonies and military battles. For its creation red plumelets of kryuchkoklyuv and yellow medosos were used. These colors are of particular importance in the Hawaiian culture and symbolize "tapa" — the sacred concept in Polynesian culture from rules and the bans (from it there was a word "taboo"). Red is associated with Ku, one of the Supreme gods creators of the world in the Hawaiian mythology, and emphasizes the divine status of the leader. Yellow feathers too in some way symbolize the power as in effect medososa — black birdies only with small impurity yellow therefore only the influential person can extract enough material for one product.

Indian culture

Feathers in traditional headdresses of Indians could tell a lot of things of the owner: its social status, military feats and wounds.

of War Bonnet (English, military headdress). The Russian version of the name does not exist

A military headdress as in the drawing had the right to carry only men, leaders and soldiers. And the right it it was necessary to deserve, having made a heroic act: in the war or having protected the tribe from a wild animal, for example. Each detail was saying: the cut feather symbolized wound, and lowered by the end down — that the soldier struck in good time blow.

Use of plumage of that or a bird also was symbolical. For example, military headdresses were made of feathers of an eagle as he personified bravery and force and also communication with the Highest Spirit. Was considered that such attire is capable to save from bullets and arrows and even to heal wounds. Therefore eagle feathers were worth its weight in gold, and it was possible to gain a horse for them. And here presence at an attire of feathers of a crow or an owl on the contrary indicated peacefulness of its owner.

African culture

Ju-dzhu or a bamileka — a headdress of leaders and the well-born nobility in Cameroon. Also it was put on by dancers during the sacred ceremonies.

For creation to a bamileka are used by either the chicken painted feathers, or plumage of wild birds like a guinea fowl. Ju-dzhu is symbolized by prosperity, wealth and the power.

East culture

At the time of the Ottoman Empire the turban was the integral attribute of a men's Turkish suit. As ornament used feathers, were especially popular a white heron. Their quantity on a turban indicated the status of the owner: three feathers were carried by the sultan, two — the Grand Visier, and it was necessary to other dignitaries on one.

European culture

Medieval knights decorated helmets with swan, peacock and cock feathers, at the same time the plume performed not only decorative function. Feathers also served as the additional identification mark well visible from far away. And still the plume visually increased growth of the soldier and did it to more terrible in the opinion of the enemy as subconsciously higher opponent is perceived surpassing in force.

In the Middle Ages the fashion for decoration of hats feathers also began to arise. Intricate headdresses were destiny of monarchical persons under the influence of whom orders of the day were formed. By the 15th century finishing by feathers and fur began to be associated strongly with the upper class and could tell a lot of things about the social status of the owner. The fashion held on up to the beginning of the 20th century, and reduction or at all disappearance of some bird species, including several kinds of a parrot of macaw for example became payment for the last centuries.

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