• Feb 7, 2020

the Temperament of a dog is a steady set of psychophysiological features which is the cornerstone of formation of character and behavior. The temperament of a dog is caused by type of higher nervous activity. Temperament of a dog are with what she is born and that in many respects defines her life. What types of temperament of dogs happen and how they influence process of training and education of the pet?

 Malinua class= runs on a photo grass" Photo: pixabay.com

What temperament happens at dogs?

Dogs, as well as at people, have four types of temperament:

  • the Sanguine person – strong balanced mobile type. Processes of excitement and braking are developed well, however it is necessary to work with such dog that she was not overexcited correctly. Dogs sanguine persons are vigorous, active, efficient, possess fast reaction, constantly look for new impressions, willingly study and quickly adapt to changes. There are also minuses: if it is wrong to bring up and train a dog sanguine person, she will easily distract, have problems with concentration of attention, to hurry and make mistakes, apparently, out of the blue.
  • the Phlegmatic person – strong balanced inert type. The dog phlegmatic person quiet, is not subject to sharp differences of mood, seldom shows aggression, differ in endurance. But consider that these dogs hardly switch to other activity and quite slowly acquire new skills. But learned once remember, as a rule, all life. On the one hand, it is plus – such dogs need work on maintenance of skill less. On the other hand, if you teach the pet to bad habits, it will be difficult to retrain him.
  • the Choleric person – strong unbalanced type. Such dogs are very excitable, at the same time processes of braking at them weak. They are impetuous, prompt, are passionately given to favourite business, but at the same time are inclined to flashes, sharp change of mood. These are excellent workers and sports dogs, but at the wrong education and insufficient or excessive loadings can become uncontrollable, quick-tempered or aggressive.
  • the Melancholiac – weak type, that is processes and excitement, and braking are developed poorly. These are dogs with "the thin sincere organization": they are upset from any trifle, are quite closed, shy and though these dogs are very sensitive, sometimes it seems that they poorly react to surrounding. Such dogs are more often than others suffer from distress , they observe phobias and disturbing frustration.
temperament Types, as well as at people, not always meet at dogs in pure form. Often the mixed temperament types – any combination of two above-mentioned types meet.

Besides, owners can not always correctly define type of temperament of the dog. For example, often choleric persons call sanguine persons to whom either did not explain the rule of conduct, or did not teach to control themselves, or did not provide rather physical and intellectual activity.

 executes the command a number of a photo Photo: pixabay.com

Why to consider temperament of a dog in the course of training and education?

It is very important to consider temperament of a dog in the course of training and education, if you incorrectly construct occupations, nothing good will leave.

If you deal with a dog sanguine person, most likely, it will be very easy for you to train her in new things. You will be able quickly to complicate tasks, but at the same time it is necessary to watch that the balance of excitement and relaxation was observed. Do not feel sorry for time for training of a dog in ability "to behave in paws" and work on her ability to concentration. At the same time do not wait until the pet starts missing – do not torment a dog with repeated repetitions same.

If a dog – the phlegmatic person on temperament, you do not hurry her and be not irritated when it seems to you that the pet "is in a stupor". Give to a dog phlegmatic person time for assimilation of new. Perhaps, more repetitions will be required, but your patience will pay off in the future when the skill is strongly acquired. And switching from one type of activity to another, you do not hurry.

Working with a dog choleric person, avoid repeated repetitions same, quickly switch from one task to another, but at the same time constantly you watch that the pet was not tired and was not overexcited. These dogs seize all on the fly and are capable not to show long fatigue, and then "unexpectedly" to blow up therefore from the owner the keenness and ability is required "not to peredavit".

With a dog melancholiac it is necessary to behave extremely correctly and to avoid any sharpness, otherwise the pet will just retire into oneself and will lose trust to the person. These dogs need the equal, patient and soft address. Only in a safe and quiet situation they can comfortably exist and study new.

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