- Mar 8, 2020
- Jan 11, 2020
"Lead cat-and-dog life" — often speak about the relations based on irreconcilable hostility. However whether this statement to our pets is fair? Whether can be a dog with a cat friends?
On a photo: kitten and puppy. Photo: flickr.com
Cats and dogs have both similarity, and distinctions. In what they consist and how influence relationship?
Both a cat, and a dog – the predators possessing a hunting instinct (degree of its expressiveness varies both between breeds, and in one breed). But cats and dogs differently hunt: if dogs exhaust production with pack, then the cat does a jump of an ambush.
Both the dog, and a cat protect the territory from strangers.
Both a dog, and a cat – the cultivated animals who live near us not one millennium (however, dogs were cultivated much earlier). In the course of domestication near the person there were animal, the most tolerant both to the person, and to other animals. As a result the cultivated cats and dogs gained infantile lines (that is adult cats and dogs behave to some extent as cubs that allows to operate them and comfortably to live with them).
A dog, unlike cats, inherently – animal social for which the pack and relationship in her is important. Cats at heart of of the single , however they are ready to suffer a number of relatives if there is no strong competition for resources and there is a centralized food source (for example, it is given by the person).
Both for a dog, and the base of safety to which the animal resorts when it feels uncertainly and which helps to satisfy important requirements is important for a cat . If the base of safety is, animals can explore the new territory and more surely feel in an unfamiliar situation. However base of safety for dogs and cats different. For a dog the base of safety is a favourite owner, for a cat – the territory which she considers. Therefore at a cat the attachment, as at a dog is not so expressed.
At dogs and cats different language of a body, and some signals are directly opposite. And if at a dog, for example, wagging most often – the sign of friendliness, then at a cat is an irritation signal, and the raised tail at a cat – a friendliness signal, at a dog – sign of excitement and tension. There is a lot of such signals, and the similar confusion can cause misunderstanding and the conflicts between animals.
However if the cat had experience of communication with a dog in the childhood (and vice versa), then most often animals correctly "read" body language the representative of other look that helps to avoid a set of the conflicts.
Relationship of dogs and cats is influenced by genetics, socialization and the previous experience and also age at which they got acquainted behavior of the owner and distribution of resources.
As for genetics , dogs of so-called primitive breeds (for example, malamutes or huskies) perceive cats as production much more often, than shepherd's dogs (such as, for example, Border Collie or sheltie).
It is important whether the puppy during socialization with cats communicated (and vice versa) and what was this communication. For example, if the puppy learned that to send cats – it is healthy and fascinating, he will seek to do it further. And if he in the early childhood quietly communicated with cats and considers them as flatmates, probability is high, as further he will treat them calmly.
Past experience is important . If, for example, the dog was strongly scratched by a cat or the cat saw how dogs killed her relative, it will not promote establishment of warm relationship.
Also important correctly to acquaint a dog and a cat.
The best option of age of acquaintance is a puppy and a kitten, that is two cubs. Ideal age for acquaintance – up to 4 months. However chances that everything will develop not bad, are still high if the cat at the time of acquaintance to a dog is less than 6 has some, and the dog is younger than 1 year.
On a photo: cat and dog. Photo: pixabay.com
Whom to take the first if you decided to get both a dog, and a cat? Scientists made a number of experiments and came to a conclusion that it is better to take a kitten in the beginning, and approximately in 1.5 months – a puppy. In this case chance that the dog and a cat will make friends or will be at least indifferent to each other, much higher.
The a cat and a dog will get acquainted earlier, the it is more at them than opportunities to learn language of other look, so to avoid the misunderstanding connected with the difference of "mentalities" and to adjust peaceful co-existence.
Distribution of resources includes, first of all, competent distribution of the territory. Both the cat, and a dog have to have an opportunity safely and freely move on the house and have access to resources, important for them (food, water, a tray, a kogtetochka, a plank bed, the owner, etc.)
In the vital places animals should not be crossed. If you noticed that indoors there are "hot" points where there are regularly conflicts, it is worth thinking how to solve a problem (for example, to equip for a cat the second tier where it constantly faces a dog).
It is important that the tray for a cat stood where she will not appear at the deadlock at appearance of a dog. It is also important to it to have the review by 360 degrees. The closed tray in this case will not approach.
It is important not to allow the competition for resources (food, the place and attention of the owner).
You feed a cat and a dog in different places. If they compete for food and protect it from each other, feed them under supervision, and then remove bowls – at least, a bowl of a dog which costs on a floor.
If animals protect the places from each other, think why it occurs, and offer them an alternative. For example, if the cat takes the place of a dog, move away her from there, but at the same time think why the place of a dog seems to it more attractive, and equip more comfortable place on the second tier.
Find for both animals enough time, do not cultivate at a dog jealousy in relation to a cat.
As paradoxically it sounds, it is simpler to acquaint a cat with a dog, than two cats . The dog can include in the pack and a cat, the same as she included people, and the cat often does not perceive a dog as the competitor, especially if it has an opportunity to move on the second tier which, of course, should be equipped. But, certainly, everything depends on specific features of a cat and dog.
No. If they peacefully coexist in one territory and do not try to kill each other, it is optional to try that they were friends. Nevertheless these animals too different. There is enough if they keep the neutrality which is (not armed).
On a photo: dog and cat. Photo: maxpixel.net
If the cat is on friendly terms with a dog, she plays with it, rubs about a dog, seeks to sleep or sit near it, purrs and in general looks in the presence of the dog weakened.
The dog who has friendly feelings in relation to a cat also seeks to be with it nearby, makes advances (including does game bows), sniffs, licks, wags a tail at a meeting and looks weakened, but not excited.
If the dog and a cat play, it is visible that both with pleasure join in a game, in turn chase one after another and if bite or scratched, then it is not strong, without causing to the partner in a discomfort game.
If you see that someone from animals tries to hide or escape, screams from pain, the dog growls, and the cat hisses or shouts, then, most likely, it is not a game at all, and such communication is better to interrupt.