• Feb 7, 2020
Кликер-дрессировка собак becomes more and more popular. And steadily proves the efficiency. What the magic wand and why dogs it is crazy about such study is?
 happy dog

What is a clicker?

the Clicker is a small device which publishes click (click) when pressing it.
Clickers happen various designs: push-button and lamellar. Also clickers differ on loudness: is silent, they are used in work with shy dogs is loud with which it is convenient to work at the street where many noise are clickers with the adjustable level of loudness and even clickers for work with two dogs at the same time. There are clickers hand (usually they fasten on a hand by means of a bracelet) and finger-type (remind a ring in a form and fasten on a finger, releasing thereby a palm for work with a dog or for a possibility of delivery of delicacy).
Click of a clicker is the hint showing to a dog at what moment she made that action which will be rewarded.
Of course, at first it is necessary to explain to a dog that the click = ням, that is, will follow click delicacy.
 photo clicker
On a photo: As the clicker looks

As the clicker influences process of training of dogs?

the Clicker can be both "Ferrari", and the tractor — everything depends on reaction of the person who uses it. If it is correct to do everything, the dog can master very quickly the necessary skills, however at the inept address with a clicker we, without wishing that, we can slow down training process, preventing a dog to understand what we want from her.
Actually, a clicker is not a magic wand, it is only a marker of the correct behavior as which any sound or a word can act. I consider that when training, for example, in household obedience, it is quite possible to do also without this additional tool, to use instead of it a verbal (verbal) marker — a "code" word by which you will designate the correct actions from a dog. However I will be honest: the clicker at the correct use gives speeds to training.
my dog was on a verbal marker up to 9 months, then I reoriented it on a clicker. And, in spite of the fact that before we sheypingovatsya actively, that is, the dog was already very strongly dispersed on training, I had a feeling that I changed on the racing car.

As the clicker in training of dogs works?

the Mechanism of work with a clicker in to training of dogs very simple. If we touched the hot iron, then in the beginning we will cry or we will draw aside a hand? More likely, the second. Also and with a clicker: having noticed the correct action of a dog, it is simpler to press the button in time while our brain obtains information, processes it, "spreads" a word on language, and our articulation device, at last, pronounces this word. Mechanical reaction advances verbal more often. At once I will make a reservation that it is simpler not to all to work with a clicker, it is simpler to some people to mark a word. But in the majority the ambassador of several training exercises of people learns to click in due time.
 the Dog waits for a clicker signal
On a photo: The dog waits for a clicker signal
Is one more important nuance. Whatever verbal marker of the correct behavior we entered (and on Russian-speaking space the word "yes" is most often used for these purposes), the dog can hear it in everyday life that depreciates marker force a little. That is, the dog understands that she not always "Yes" designates a delicacy piece, this word does not cause in her so strong positive reaction as obvious association of click with a piece of encouragement.
Even if we enter a word in a foreign language (for example, "yes"), owing to our human nature the verbal marker can be emotionally charged. We can speak enthusiastically, disappointedly or threateningly. You know, for example, that only one word "yes" pronounced with different intonational contours can designate 18 meanings! It is clear to the person that a word same, and a dog — not always. The dog can know that it "Yes!", but not always — that it "Daaaa …" Dogs do not understand semantics, they learn a sound form of a word, and we sate it with sense.
Is natural, for years of accommodation with the person the dog can generalize that the words "sit", "sit", "sit down" and "sit down" are the same team, but at first it will be difficult to it to understand it.
Unlike words, the sound of a clicker is always neutral and sounds identically. Whether we are angry whether are happy, whether the head hurts us or we consider that "normally, but it was possible to make better", the clicker will always equally sound.
owing to this fact to a dog is simpler to work with a clicker. But, I will repeat provided that we work correctly, that is we give a signal in due time.

When to press the clicker button when training dogs?

we Will review an example. We want that the dog touched a paw a nose. Here we already pasted a piece of an insulating tape to her muzzle or reeled up a scrunchy on a muzzle. The dog feels a new subject and, trying to remove it, lifts up a forepaw and touches a nose. At this moment we say: "Daaa". A dog, having touched a nose on a fraction of a second, begins to lower a paw, listens to our "Daaaa" and with pleasure eats the offered piece of encouragement. For what did we encourage a dog? For the fact that she touched a nose tip? For the fact that tore off from it a paw? For what bears a paw down?
the Same example with a clicker: the clicker sounds shortly and chilly. And here everything depends on the correct timing of the owner: if he managed to click at the time of contact of a nose with a paw — everything excellent, we prompted to a dog for what moment of action she receives delicacy. If we slightly tarried, and the dog heard click at the moment when the paw began to move … well down, you understood that here we accidentally encouraged the moment of lowering of a paw from a nose to the earth. And our pet understands: "Aha, it is necessary that the paw was in centimeter from a nose!" And then we are up against a blank wall: why the dog does not understand us?
For this reason at working off of the difficult tricks demanding very high-quality timely timing of encouragement I strongly recommend to film training sessions then to analyze them and whether in time we otklikivat the correct answer.
If to compare two situations described above, it is possible to draw a conclusion that a clicker — more accurate and dot marker of the correct behavior, so, it is worth using it in the course of training. But at the same time for the correct use he demands accurate and timely reaction of the owner. At the same time, even if you understood that you clicked at the wrong time, do not stint encouragement: for one mistake which you "bought", having given a piece, you will not bring skill to automatism, and here it is not necessary to depreciate a clicker sound definitely. Golden rule clicker training: click = ням. That is, if clicked, stretch encouragement.
 the pug looks at yum-yum

As the dog masters the principles a clicker training?

Is accustomed to a clicker a dog usually very quickly — literally for 2 — 4 sessions.
we Take
small pieces of delicacy, pieces 20 — 25. Small are small, for a dog of the average and big size — literally 5kh5mm.
Delicacy has to be soft, it is good to be swallowed, not to be chewed and not to get stuck in a throat.
we Sit down near a dog. We do click by a clicker, we give a piece of delicacy, cliques — ням, click — ням. And so 20 — 25 times.
you Watch correctness of delivery: we click not at the time of eating, we give food not before click, namely a signal, then food. I prefer to hold at the time of training food behind the back that the dog did not hypnotize it a look. The dog hears click, the hand appears from behind a back, offers delicacy.
Usually for couple of sessions the dog already acquires communication between click and a piece. To check whether the reflex was created, it is simple: when the dog misses or is busy with something not especially important and interesting from her point of view, click and look at reaction: if it it is interested turned to you the head, and even approached — perfectly, the dog understood communication.
should explain to us it Now that the click is not just the announcement that the lunch kept up, and the click from now on prompts to it when she was right.
At first we use those teams which the dog well knows. For example, Sit team . We ask a dog to sit down, and as soon as the bottom touched a floor, we click and we feed. We ask a dog to give a paw if she is able to execute this command and while the paw touched our palm, we click and we feed. And so several times.
Now we can use a clicker when training in new skills.

" three whales" clicker training

do not forget
in the course of the trainings about a paradigm from three major components:
  • marker,
  • delicacy,
  • praise.
the Clicker is only neutral (and it is important!) marker of the correct behavior of our pet. The click is always equal to a delicacy piece. But the click does not cancel a praise. And food will not cancel a praise verbal. Not tactile.
often I meet
Ya in practice of owners who actively iron a dog for well performed operation. I will tell what it will be unpleasant to much to hear: does not follow.
should not iron a dog at the moment when it is concentrated and works. In the absolute majority even the most tactile pets try to leave from under a hand of the favourite owner at the time of the concentrated work.
Imagine
: here you sit, puzzle over a difficult working task. And at last, eureka! The decision already absolutely nearby, you feel it, it only should be groped finally. And here your favourite partner starts kissing you and to iron on the head. Whether you will be glad? Most likely, you will push away, being afraid to lose a thought. Everything is good in its season.
of the Dog in operating time solve our rebuses, try, they regularly have this most "Eureka!". And your sincere joy, a verbal praise, laughter and, of course, a tidbit in your hand are great encouragement. And you will be able to stroke a dog after the end of a training session, and the dog will be happy to hold up you a tummy or an ear.
 the person irons a stomach to a dog
But do not forget
actively, sincerely, honestly to praise a dog by voice. It is called creation of social motivation. And we will actively use it after development of skill after we remove a clicker working off of this skill, and then and food we will remove. Also there will be at us in tools a social motivation — desire to hear from the owner "a good dog!".
But at first we have to explain
to our pet that "Well done!" — it is healthy too! For this reason in work with a clicker we adhere to the following order: click — the good fellow — a piece.
 the dog holds in teeth a clicker
of the Dog, as a rule, very much love occupations on a clicker training.

How to choose a clicker for training of a dog?

clickers can easily be found Recently in the Belarusian pet-shops. Having decided to get a clicker, click it, having chosen the necessary loudness and rigidity: quite often clickers are very hard, so hard what quickly to press it not always is a finger at the time of the training possible.
Clickers of one brand can differ strongly among themselves in rigidity and loudness for this reason it is better to take them in a hand and to click.
If you doubt whether the clicker is necessary to you, it is possible to try to be trained, pressing the button of a ball pen.

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