- Feb 7, 2020
Often owners say that the dog "well" or "badly" behaves. Meaning, of course, by it compliance (or not compliance) to the expectations and expectations. But what in fact affects behavior of a dog, forcing to behave in one way or another?
On a photo: one of manifestations of problem behavior of a dog — damage of footwear
Reasons of problem behavior of dogs
The behavior of a dog is affected by a number of factors.
- Congenital. "Such it was born," — people sigh in this case, meaning that neither we, nor a dog can do nothing. Congenital features or are, or they are absent.
- Predisposition. Much more often than congenital features, the predisposition meets. The predisposition means that in certain conditions this or that behavior of a dog will develop, but if there are no such conditions, then and the corresponding behavior will not be shown.
- Epigenetics – genes which are shown under certain conditions. For an example it is possible to take a problem of obesity. When the person, for example, hungers, at him the certain genes connected with metabolism "wake up" (it is necessary to accumulate everything that gets to an organism because hunger approaches). These genes work at level of 2 – 3 generations. And if the next generations do not starve, these genes "fill up" again. If the dog endures extremely severe stress, her organism begins to work differently, and these changes are transferred to 1 - 2 next generations.
- Socialization. Socialization is a concrete period in life of a dog when her brain is especially sensitive to stimulation and to assimilation of certain experience. During this period a puppy quicker, than the adult dog, masters that it is useful to it in the future. In socialization there are differences between breeds, but these distinctions quantitative. For example, at a basenji the period of socialization is shifted for earlier term, and at a Labrador, on the contrary, will stretch.
- Experience (what the dog learned).
- Negative experience.
- Unintentional training.
- Insufficient training.
- the Distress is the "bad" stress that is connected with strong negative emotions and having an adverse effect on health. It is what changes a physiological state and feelings of a dog. For example, usually the dog did not show cowardice or aggression, but in a condition of a distress she becomes angry, and similar problems are shown.
the behavior of a dog Depends on breed?
If to speak about pedigree distinctions, then, as a rule, the person, getting a dog of a certain breed, creates it certain conditions. Of course, индвидуален, but if to take a large number of dogs of one breed, experience they, as a rule, will have similar each case.
Besides when the person gets, for example, the Central Asian sheep-dog or huskies, it has some expectations from breed. So, conditions for manifestation of this or that behavior are created, expectations influence how the owner brings up the pet.
Therefore it is extremely difficult to scientist to define that at a dog (and at breed) in behavior congenital and what is caused by experience.
Researchers Scott and Fuller conducted researches of behavior of 250 dogs of 5 breeds (a basenji, beagles, American cocker spaniels, a sheltie and wire-haired fox terriers) and found out that all of them show the same elements of behavior. Distinctions are rather quantitative, but not qualitative. The difference consisted only in age when this behavior is shown, and in that how often this or that element of behavior is shown. But distinctions are also in one breed.
So theoretically, providing the necessary stimulation in due time, it is possible to strengthen or weaken pedigree signs and to adjust behavior of dogs of one breed to behavior another and, for example, the terrier will behave almost like a sheep-dog. The question, how many efforts and time should be spent and whether your efforts will get to the necessary stage of development of a dog.
On a photo: dogs of different breeds can equally behave
Correction of problem behavior of a dog
Competently to carry out correction of problem behavior of dogs, it is necessary to understand what in problem behavior of a dog we can affect and how.
- Congenital. First, there is not a lot of congenital features of behavior, and sometimes they can be compensated to a certain degree. For example, the pronounced cowardice is inherited from dogs, but if to work with such dog (to socialize, reduce excitement level, etc.), then this feature can be disguised to some extent. And by means of competent selection (without letting in cultivation of dogs with problems in behavior) it is possible to achieve changes at the level of breed.
- Predisposition. Here opportunities to affect problem behavior of a dog more. It is possible to exclude what is the trigger, that is starts a certain behavior, to change living conditions of a dog or to appoint treatment.
- Epigenetics. At this level it is possible to watch what experience is got by generations of dogs, and it is a question to manufacturers.
- Socialization. Here a lot of things depend on the person (both from the manufacturer, and from the owner). It is necessary to provide to a puppy the necessary experience in due time. However it is necessary to represent precisely what you want from a dog. For example, very intensive socialization can make a dog of more active – whether it is necessary for future owners?
- Learnt (experience). At this level, undoubtedly, everything in correction of problem behavior of a dog depends on people – and on what conditions provide to a dog, and from what and as it is taught to. It is important to choose a technique of work with a dog correctly. Any animal studies more effectively on a positive reinforcement (that is that it allows to receive the desirable), but not on what it is necessary to avoid (punishment). Change of methods of training allows to train even those animals who were considered not trained earlier (for example, small fishes).
- Distress. Here living conditions of a dog and those methods of training which are used by you, besides, are important for correction of problem behavior of a dog.