• Feb 7, 2020

the set of the researches devoted to persuasive motive stereotypies at dogs Exists, and they combine in themselves both genomic, and behavioural researches. What is a persuasive motive stereotypy at dogs and from where it undertakes?

 the Persuasive motive stereotypy at dogs of a photo

Photo: google.by

the Persuasive motive stereotypy at dogs – a hereditary problem of behavior

The persuasive motive stereotypy looks as repetition of the same action, and this action does not provide achievement of any obvious purpose or does not look performing a certain function.

Sofya Baskina at the Pet's Behavior-2018 conference called the breeds of dog predisposed to persuasive motive stereotypies.

Persuasive motive stereotypy

the Predisposed breeds of dog

Sucking of a laying

Yorkshire terrier, Labrador

Sucking of sides

American pit bull terrier, Dobermann terrier

Prosecution of beams (for example, light patches of light) and shadows

of the Border Collie

Samokalecheniye's

Dalmatian, hound

Licking of paws

of the Dog of large breeds

Spinning

German shepherd

There are also other types of a persuasive motive stereotypy: "catching of flies", rhythmical bark, masturbation or trance.

Certainly, this list of breeds does not mean that all representatives of the specified breed are predisposed to a stereotypy or that dogs of other breeds from it are insured. It's not true.

It is important to distinguish a persuasive motive stereotypy from normal vidotipichny behavior. For example, if the puppy or the started missing adult dog is turned behind a tail – it is normal. But if the dog is turned behind a tail long and cannot switch to other activity, it is an occasion to prick up the ears. Diagnostic marker: if at a dog a stereotypy, it is extremely difficult to distract it.

From outside it seems that the stereotypy is aimless actions. However the persuasive motive stereotypy as showed more in-depth studies, nevertheless has a purpose – to help a dog to calm down.

For example, a dog lives in the close open-air cage, but the movement is necessary for it. Then she begins to run to and fro on the open-air cage, and the stereotypy develops. If the open-air cage to open and provide normal conditions , the dog will cease to run as circumstances which "included" this behavior disappear. But there are dogs who begin to run to and fro, without being locked in a cage – why they do it if the way of life does not push them to such behavior? Perhaps, the trigger is in a situation "here and now" — for example, the dog was frightened. That is both living conditions, and the circumstances which arose at this moment can cause a stereotypy. Then the speech about predisposition.

The dog thanks to the fact that in an organism endorphins are emitted calms down. That is the dog artificially causes a certain dose of pleasure which cannot receive in the natural way – either because of living conditions, or because of the wrong functioning of receptors in an organism. And it is quite effective way to cope with a stress, though causing the mass of other problems.

Scientists asked a question whether the persuasive motive stereotypy is congenital, acquired or something intermediate – for example, the dog has a predisposition to such behavior. Two dogs can get to identical conditions, but at one the stereotypy, let us assume, will develop, and at another – no as it coped in a different way – and then we speak about predisposition. However if the dog lives in good conditions, but at the same time from early age (approximately from 4 months) the stereotypy is more and more shown, we speak about congenital – especially if it is peculiar to brothers, sisters or other relatives.

Obvious and logical the way physically not to allow a dog to make stereotypic actions – in hope seems that this behavior will die away. However whether this way is effective? What will be if to deprive a dog of an opportunity to continue to make stereotypic actions – for example, to immobilize? Whether it will become better for it? The physical state, perhaps, will improve as it will have no opportunity to put itself mutilations. And here the level of a stress will grow that is, psychological state will worsen.

 the Persuasive motive stereotypy at a Dobermann terrier of a photo

On a photo: a persuasive motive stereotypy (sucking of a side) at a Dobermann terrier. Photo: google.by

the Persuasive motive stereotypy at dogs – obsessivno-compulsive frustration or autism?

There is an opinion that the persuasive motive stereotypy at dogs is inseparably linked with obsessivno-compulsive frustration. Whether so it?

Obsessivno-kompulsivnoye frustration at people is a disturbing frustration at which the person is pursued by the persuasive fears and thoughts causing the repeating actions which to stop extremely difficult. For example, the person constantly washes hands, even then, when in it there is no need, or observes the rituals seeming senseless. At obsessivno-compulsive frustration at people the stereotypy is often observed.

Stereotypies at animals are the persuasive repeating actions not making visible sense. That is, apparently, same. Whether it means that a stereotypy – manifestation of obsessivno-compulsive frustration at a dog? Unfortunately, we cannot read mind of dogs and tell whether they have "notions of compulsion" — an important component of obsessivno-compulsive frustration. However, there is a probability that as in behavior much in common, we on the way to search of the reason of a stereotypy.

Scientists conducted researches on comparison of DNA of the healthy and having a stereotypy dogs, found out that one chromosome contains most of all differences, and found the "broken" gene. However a problem that at people with obsessivno-compulsive frustration "breakage" in this gene is never found. However it is found at the people having autism.

Then, maybe, the persuasive motive stereotypy at dogs is something like autism? Especially as at autism at people stereotypies are often observed too.

In the beginning we will understand what is autism. Autism at people is a frustration which reason is in violations of development of a brain. Manifestations of autism: the expressed problems of social interaction and communication, limited interests and – yes – stereotypies.

And what at dogs?

Scientists in 2011 interviewed owners of bull terriers with a trance – one of types of a stereotypy. It became clear that these dogs really have problems with communication with relatives and that dogs are subject to falling into a trance more often than boughs (and at people autism boys, than girls have more often). However "breakage" in that gene about which it was told above at the bull terriers suffering from falling into a trance was not found …

Then with dogs carried out the Persuasive Representations test — it is carried out also with people.

In a case with experimental people on two screens randomly there are various images, and it is necessary to guess according to what rule the screen for display of the following image is chosen. The person chooses the screen, and he is told, correctly he chose or it is wrong. However the principle that "correctness" is chosen in a random way and there is no rule. And when there are no rules, the person is normal in half of cases chooses one screen, and in half of cases – the second, and too in a random way. If there are notions of compulsion, the person, at least, for some time, "gets stuck" on one screen.

For dogs the test was a little altered – dogs had to press a hand of the person to receive delicacy. After the dog of 40 times touches a hand on command and will receive delicacy, testing at which give the command begins, but delicacies do not give. Scientists took quite big variety of breeds with different types of a stereotypy and found out that the dogs having persuasive motive stereotypies cannot cease to press the owner's hand in any way. At the same time dogs without stereotypy quickly enough (on average after 10 attempts to execute the command without delicacy) refused further participation in an experiment.

Conclusion: the dogs suffering from persuasive motive stereotypies irrespective of a type of a stereotypy, nevertheless have notions of compulsion. And here about genes, responsible for all this, the question remains open so far.

And still it is possible to draw a conclusion that people sometimes cultivate stereotypies, much want to have a dog who "obeys without delicacy", but that the skill at the same time did not die away. But sucking of a laying and other types of stereotypies – some kind of side effect in which it is necessary to pay for this convenient quality.

 the Persuasive motive stereotypy at a dog of a photo

Photo: google.by

Related Articles