- Sep 16, 2018
the Fiery salamander differently called still spotty or ordinary is the close relative of a frog in spite of the fact that a shape of a body she reminds a lizard. It treats group of Amphibia having a tail, a genus of salamanders.
This typical amphibious animal who throughout the life cycle lives in two environments at once – water and air.
it is possible to Describe the main signs of this look as follows.
- Adult individuals quite large. If to consider with a tail, then they grow to 25-30 cm in length. However it is record parameters, on average the fiery salamander grows to 15-18 cm. At the same time the tail does not grow more than the sizes of a half of a body. This part of a body at all salamanders of usually rounded shape is also very mobile.
- The most important distinctive sign of this animal is coloring. Not for nothing this salamander received the second name – a fiery lizard. The body of this animal is painted in very saturated and contrast colors. Intensively black color is combined with not less saturated yellow or orange patterns which it would be possible to call spots and strips of usually irregular shape with diffuse edges. On paws color marks are usually symmetric, and on the body the regularity of placement of spots is not traced. The lower body is most often painted in monophonically dark colors. Usually a paunch black or brown, but there can be also white spots.
- Pads at this having a tail amphibious though short, but very strong. On front pads of fingers four, and on back – five. Extremities are intended more for circulation, but not for swimming. The lack of swimming membranes demonstrates to it.
- Head of this salamander of rounded shape. Visually it kind of is continuation of a trunk.
- Teeth are well expressed, always sharp, rounded shape.
- Eyes are completely black, big, slightly convex, are well developed. Over eyes there are yellow eyebrows.
- Skin at a salamander, as well as each amphibious animal, smooth, gentle, thin and always humidified.
- The fiery salamander lives rather long. Certain individuals manage to live in the nature years 12. At good leaving these Amphibia live in bondage up to 20 years.
Why so bright salamander
Each natural phenomenon has the reason. Coloring of any animal saves an individual from predators. A salamander – a being small, gentle and defenseless. She needs to mask under the main shades of the environment. However the fiery salamander does everything that she was noticed. She reminds these bees, wasps and bumblebees who have very noticeable coloring.
Comparison with these insects is not accidental here. Fiery salamanders and all these striped insects possess poison. the color they warn all who can and want to have dinner them – is careful, life-threatening also health. Over time at predators hereditary reaction to the similar warning coloring is developed. And reaction consists in to touching this salamander under no circumstances.
On the head this amphibious has the parotid glands called by parotitises. In them poison is produced. It is the viscous liquid of white color having a smell of garlic or almonds.
Active ingredients of this liquid are nine steroid alkaloids which have toxic properties. Poisoning with poison occurs when eating a salamander or at hit of toxin on a mucous membrane. The animals having a good integument at contact with a salamander of intoxication do not test. Same treats the person.
of Feature of a fiery salamander (video)
The salamander can be taken in hand, but after that they need to be washed properly at once accidentally not to bring poison on a mucous membrane of eyes or a mouth. The extra care should be shown if this amphibious contains in the room where there are small children. Elimination of this animal from such room will be the most reasonable act.
Poison of a salamander has neurotoxic property, causes arrhythmia, spasms and paralysis. Besides, it has antibacterial and anti-fungal properties that is extremely important for the little animal always living in the damp environment.
Those who supports this salamander in a terrarium should consider the fact that she during a severe stress is capable to spray poison around herself.
Despite such protection, the salamander is included in food chains not only as the consumer of organic chemistry, but also as food for other animals.
Gallery: species of salamanders (40 photos)
This species of Amphibia lives mainly in Europe. Here he lives everywhere, except Great Britain and Scandinavia. Outside Europe the fiery salamander can be met in Turkey and Iran.
In spite of the fact that an animal the salamander is an amphibian, it lives in an adult stage near water, but nevertheless on the land. Favourite habitats are thickets of the broad-leaved and mixed woods on coast of the rivers, streams and lakes.
Preferences are given to sites where the thick layer of a forest laying with prevalence of fallen leaves remained. Especially great value as the habitat for a salamander sites where various mosses are widespread have. In moss pillows the high humidity usually remains, in them also invertebrate animals hide.
Way of life and food
This animal leads a nocturnalism, avoids direct sunshine, during a heat prefers to sit out in moss pillows, under stones, the fallen trees, in mouldering stubs, etc.
Well remembers the territory and reference points of the site. Carries out all the life on one site if, of course, environment conditions on it remain acceptable.
Strange, but this gentle being has rather high resistance to low temperatures. Only temperature from 0ºС is critical below.
gather groups to several tens For winter of a salamander. all fall Into hibernation together approximately in the same place where hide from a day heat. Mouldering stubs, niches in a root part of trees, a forest laying, under stones, in caves, the abandoned mines, earth-and-timber emplacements and other military strengthenings can be the place of a wintering. Salamanders wake up after snow descends, and average air temperature will get warm to +10ºС.
Food of a salamander very simple – she eats everything that moves and it is possible to overcome. enter its usual diet:
- wood lice;
- any not poisonous insects;
- little frogs.
Being near reservoirs, especially during reproduction, she can hunt fishes and tadpoles. A way of food same, as at frogs. The salamander pricks up the ears, does a throw, throws out sticky language, and then swallows the stuck production.
Reproduction and sexual behavior
These Amphibia, of course, do not tokut as wood-grouses, and do not dance as cranes, but they have ritual actions too. Sexual selection gains the special importance from all vertebrate animals. In it an essence of their evolutionary improvement.
Males during the marriage period become extraordinary active. This activity is shown both in search of a female, and in duels with each other.
Fertilisation at these animals internal. Pairing happens usually on the land, but maybe in water. The further sexual behavior depends on habitats of this animal and belonging to certain subspecies.
The matter is that fiery salamanders of some subspecies lay eggs, and – give birth to others already live larvae. Sometimes at live birth not larvae, and individuals, already completely last metamorphoses are born. However even at those subspecies which lay eggs, the period of finding of larvae in egg very short.
Such variety of sexual behavior within one look is connected with the high level of isolation of separate populations. Genetic isolation leads to evolution process activization.
Live birth at fishes and amphibians is peculiar to the few types. However it demonstrates evolutionary progress as death of the laid eggs is always big. Increase in duration of active stages of life cycle of an animal promotes decrease in death of new generation.
Variety of types
The real salamanders are a family of Amphibia having a tail. 114 types living in Europe, Northwest Africa, Asia Minor in the south of the foreign Far East, in India, North America are its part.
Salamanders of this family are reckoned by lungs therefore can live in the most different environments. Their antipode – family of bezlegochny salamanders. They have no lungs therefore process of breath happens only through thin and always moist skin. For this reason they prefer to live in water or in constantly damp environment.
Most real salamanders are presented in North America, it is a lot of them in Asia and Europe. A specific variety of these amphibians is connected with their fitness to the most various conditions. However the main requirement to conditions of the environment is rather high humidity.
The biggest salamander lives in East China. Its sizes and appearance impress. It weighs up to 80 kg, and its length together with a tail is nearly 2 m
the Prehistoric animals living near us (video)
The name of a look – the Chinese giant salamander that completely corresponds to the sizes of individuals. This look is considered relic and, of course, endangered. It is included in the Red List. However his wellbeing depends not only on as far as individuals, but also will be protected from safety of the damp mountain woods of China. Despite the unusual appearance, an animal this harmless. It does not possess poison, eats the small small fishes, Amphibia and invertebrates living in water.
Among representatives there are families of the real salamanders many types having strong poison. The described poison of fiery salamanders belongs to toxins of average weight. The Alpine black triton possesses the strongest poison. He also lives in dense forests where the high level of humidity constantly remains.
All salamanders represent the most different options of adaptation to environment conditions. And process of evolutionary development in this category of animals goes surprisingly in high gear.